Airbnb is a popular online service that connects guests searching for short-term lodging with property owners willing to rent it out to them. Having started small in San Francisco less than a decade ago, Airbnb has grown rapidly, spreading first across the nation and then worldwide. Today, Airbnb is valued at $31 billion. It operates in more than 65,000 cities in 191 countries, and claims more than three million global listings.
Most Airbnb hosts and guests have had a wonderful experience, some Airbnb reservations can go wrong.Free Case Review
Guests and hosts alike have experienced Airbnb nightmare scenarios ranging from the banal to the bizarre, often including lurid themes of drug use, prostitution, wild parties, and major property damage. Google “Airbnb horror stories” to find out for yourself.
These problems can happen with any rental. But Airbnb is particularly vulnerable, because it is such a new industry, and the legal infrastructure for peer-to-peer businesses like Airbnb is not yet fully developed. Consequently, whether you are a guest or an owner, you should know what to do if something in the event of an unforeseen accident at an Airbnb or other peer-to-peer rental.
Common Airbnb problems can be divided into two general categories:
Bodily Injury: Any physical injury to a person, mild or severe, that occurs in an Airbnb listing. Typically, bodily injury claims are filed by guests against hosts or landlords.
Property Damage: Property in an Airbnb listing being destroyed, damaged, lost, or stolen. Typically, property damage claims are filed by hosts against guests, but there are situations in which a guest could file against a host.
Injuries that occur in Airbnb residences can include cuts, bruises, broken bones, sprains, concussions, injuries to the face, illness, disease, and more. Although rare, injuries caused in Airbnb rentals can lead to death or serious, lifelong complications, such as quadriplegia, but even moderate injuries cause major inconvenience to the victim.
Injuries are caused by a variety of factors, including slip and fall cases, or the collapse of a roof, staircase, or other part of the building. Other injuries and illnesses may be caused by bedbugs, asbestos, or dangerous bacteria. Intentional violence, including sexual assault, can also occur in Airbnb rentals.
Most of these claims would be covered under premises liability law, a subset of personal injury law. Premises liability law is based on the notion that premise owners have a duty to all lawful guests on their property to remove any hazards that may cause an injury. Under the law, Airbnb guests are generally considered “invitees” which means that they have a high degree of legal protection.
Of course, not all injuries that occur on the property will be the fault of the owner, but if the owner either creates or knowingly allows a hazard to exist without resolving it, they may be liable.
Property damage in an Airbnb rental, just like injuries, can come in many forms. A guest may damage the building itself, or the objects within the building. An owner’s negligence could create a hazard that causes a fire, and the guest could also sue for damaged or destroyed property (i.e., luggage and contents).
Airbnb hosts should be aware that most standard homeowner’s insurance policies have an exclusion for rental business activities — check with your homeowner’s insurance provider to be sure. And, while most major hotel chains and other full-time hospitality providers have special business insurance to cover damages caused by guests, this insurance may be prohibitively expensive for a casual Airbnb user.
Fortunately, Airbnb does offer a few guarantees to its hosts.
Airbnb’s Host Protection Insurance is designed to protect Airbnb hosts against third party liability claims. These include bodily injury claims, which may be filed against hosts by guests, and property damage claims, which may be filed against hosts by landlords. The policy covers all claims of up to $1 million.
Host Protection Insurance applies automatically to any hosts who list their property with Airbnb. It also provides primary protection, which you don’t have to exhaust any other insurance policies first.
Naturally, there are a few exceptions to Host Protection Insurance; for one, it only covers the building itself; it does not cover damage to any personal property within the building, such as furniture.
Airbnb Host Protection Insurance is not available in every country where Airbnb has listings, but it is available in the United States. And there are some minor differences between states. For instance, most states allow hosts to file claims of up to $1 million at multiple properties, so long as the aggregate does not exceed $10 million; New York and Illinois have a limit of $1 million per host. Check for the specifics of the state(s) where you own Airbnb property.
It may also be useful to talk to an insurance broker, to see if their company offers any supplemental insurance to cover these gaps. The broker may also be able to explain any local laws that might apply.
Airbnb also offers a Host Guarantee, which is technically not insurance, although it is a guarantee that Airbnb will compensate any property that is damaged or destroyed by an Airbnb guest, for up to $1 million.
There are a few exceptions to the Host Guarantee, although these exceptions are different from the ones involved in Host Protection Insurance. The policy is somewhat complex and many actual Airbnb clients who have been forced to deal with the process tell stories of red tape, inattentive claim handlers, negligible compensation, and more. You may need legal help to give Airbnb the necessary prod to make them live up to its stated promises.
The final ways in which Airbnb property damage claims can be dealt with is through a security deposit.
Airbnb hosts have the option to add a security deposit to their listing when renting it out. If a guest damages some property in your listing, then you may file a claim with Airbnb for some portion of the security deposit, depending on the amount of the damage. If the guest refuses, Airbnb will investigate. Of course, Airbnb is hardly infallible, but the security deposit is a good way to protect your property.
If you are an Airbnb host dealing with a property damage claim, your situation will be slightly different. You may not have to see a doctor, but you should still collect as much evidence as possible. Next, you should try to file a claim with Airbnb. If they are not responsive to your claim, that’s the time to bring legal representation in.
Hiring a personal injury attorney might seem like a big step for an Airbnb case, and especially a minor one. While some trivial cases might be resolved without legal representation, you may start to feel like you’re in over your head, because your knowledge of the law probably won’t compare to that of Airbnb’s lawyers or insurance adjusters. They know that you don’t have much time to pursue the claim, and they hope you’ll just give up in despair. Even the act of contacting Airbnb can be difficult. Filing the actual claim is much harder. Airbnb’s insurance adjusters, however, have only one thing to do, and that is finding ways to deny your claim.
TorkLaw is a personal injury law firm dedicated to representing plaintiffs in difficult personal injury cases, including catastrophic accidents. We represent clients on a contingency fee basis, so you won’t pay a dime unless we win. If you have suffered any bodily injury OR property damage in an Airbnb lodging, whether as a host or guest, then give us a call today and set up a FREE consultation. We have extensive experience filing claims against Airbnb and similar firms, so let us take on the stress of the case so you can focus on recovering from your injury or loss.